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The Trabzon Port in the 19th Century: Campaings, Merchants, Goods
One of the most important inner seas of world, the Black Sea reaches to Mediterranean Sea by Istanbul and the Çanakkale Straits; to the to the interior of Europe by the Danube, Dnieper and Dniester Rivers; to Asia by Caucasus. It connects sea and land trade in the shortest distance between Asia and Europe by its strategic and geographic location. Trabzon was the most important ports of the Black Sea and lived the brightest periods in when trade was condensed. Trabzon, a major transit port in the Ottoman Empire, has become a trade center to East by the 18th century with the opening of the Black Sea to international maritime trade and arrival of the foreign merchants. The East was to provide raw materials to the burgeoning industry in Europe by Trabzon-Erzurum-Tabriz Road. In 19th century, Trabzon became the busiest port of Black Sea in a very short time with the increasing volume of trade, opening embassies, the shipping agents and merchants. During this period, vinegar, wine, olives, soap, cotton, textiles, coffee, wheat, iron ore, fish, meat, fur and etc. were bought, sold and transported to other regions by non-Muslim, Turkish and foreign merchants. In this study, an attempt has been made to explain to merchants, campaigns, merchants, goods and commercial activities in the port of Trabzon in the 19th century by archive documents.<

Maritime Trade, Black Sea, Trabzon, Geopoltics

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